Patriot Day takes place every year on September 11th in memory of the people who were injured or died during the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center and Pentagon in 2001. The national day of mourning was established on December 18, 2001 by the 107th U.S. Congress as an amendment to title 36 of the United States Code.
Here is the joint resolution passed by Congress:
Whereas on September 11, 2001, terrorists hijacked four civilian aircraft, crashing two of them into the towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, and a third into the Pentagon outside Washington, D.C.;
Whereas the fourth hijacked aircraft crashed in southwestern Pennsylvania after passengers tried to take control of the aircraft in order to prevent the hijackers from crashing the aircraft into an important symbol of democracy and freedom;
Whereas these attacks were by far the deadliest terrorist attacks ever launched against the United States, killing thousands of innocent people; and
Whereas in the aftermath of the attacks the people of the United States stood united in providing support for those in need: Now, therefore, be it
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. DESIGNATION OF SEPTEMBER 11 AS PATRIOT DAY.
Chapter 1 of title 36, United States Code, is amended by adding at
the end the following new section:
Sec. 144. Patriot Day
- Designation.–September 11 is Patriot Day.
b) Proclamation.–The President is requested to issue each year a
proclamation calling on–
(1) State and local governments and the people of the
United States to observe Patriot Day with appropriate programs
(2) all departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of
the United States and interested organizations and individuals
to display the flag of the United States at halfstaff on Patriot
Day in honor of the individuals who lost their lives as a result
of the terrorist attacks against the United States that occurred
on September 11, 2001; and
(3) the people of the United States to observe a moment of
silence on Patriot Day in honor of the individuals who lost
their lives as a result of the terrorist attacks against the
United States that occurred on September 11, 2001.”.
SEC. 2. CONFORMING AMENDMENT.
The table of contents for chapter 1 of title 36, United States Code,
is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
”144. Patriot Day.”.
Approved December 18, 2001.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY–H.J. Res. 71:
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 147 (2001):
Oct. 25, considered and passed House.
Nov. 30, considered and passed Senate.
The World Trade Center was a complex of several buildings located in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan in New York City. The complex opened in 1973. In 2001, terrorists hijacked and crashed civilian aircraft into two Word Trade Center Towers. A third aircraft crashed into the Pentagon in Washington D.C. During the attacks, 2,977 people were killed and more than 25,000 individuals were injured.
In the year following the attack, over 180,000 Americans enlisted in the Armed Forces and almost 73,000 joined the Reserves.
Since 9/11, thousands of World Trade Center survivors and first responders have become seriously ill due to toxic air exposure at the crash site. According to one study, there have been over 4,300 toxic exposure deaths, more than the number of people who lost their lives that day.